Features: Interactive mindmap. Schemes & Terms explained in detail. Relevant links to static mindmaps & current articles for integrated learning & big-picture. Go to economy mindmap page and look for Union Budget 2019-20 (only for members).
The Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) has passed a consistent path and in a comparatively short period of time has proved to be an effective model of multilateral cooperation based on mutual trust, equality, harmonious coexistence of different cultures and civilizations.
With the entry of India and Pakistan, the SCO has become the largest regional grouping in the world, encompassing 60 percent of Eurasia’s territory with a population of around 3.2 billion people, and account for almost a quarter of global GDP.
Whether we realise it or not, the drinking water scarcity problem that we see in different parts of India today is a direct result of climate change. India is very vulnerable to climate change — melting Himalayan glaciers will produce floods in north India; erratic monsoons will create droughts in peninsular India.
Global action against climate change is not enough even if the Paris Agreement is followed in letter and spirit which is already weakening due to nations such as the US and Brazil walking away from it. Therefore India will have to assume the worst of impacts of global warming and tailor its programmes accordingly.
With the threat of floods and droughts looming in various parts of the country, there is no option but to make the 150-year-old idea, that is, Interlinking of Rivers (ILR) happen, and fast. The NDA government has always been in favour of inter-linking of rivers and it is to be hoped that the government sees ILR in the light of climate action, rather than a developmental move.
Water is the most valuable natural resource as it is essential for human survival and life on earth. However, the availability of fresh water for human consumption is highly under stress because of a variety of factors. This crisis of water scarcity is most visible in India as well as other developing countries.
Economic Survey is an annual exercise of the finance ministry and prepared by the chief economic adviser. It comes one day prior to the general budget announcement in the parliament. As this document is prepared by the government and its different agents = It has paramount importance for any government …
Under the Environment Protection Act, 1986, growing GM crops that are not approved by the government can result in a five-year jail term and a hefty ₹1 lakh fine. Yet a Haryana farmer had grown a genetically modified (GM) variant of brinjal which is banned under the law that has landed him in controversy and the officials had forced him to uproot the crop.
There are two arguments regarding GM crops – one is “its potential in terms of increased crop yields & shelf life in the context of climate change events” and the other one is the “concern regarding its reliability and impacts on the environment and human health”.
Poor sanitation is a primary cause of diseases worldwide = improving sanitation can have a beneficial impact on health both in households as well as communities. In order to meet the sanitation need, the government had launched the Swachh Bharat Mission in 2014. Since then, SBM became the world’s largest sanitation program by changing the behaviour of hundreds of millions of people with respect to toilet access and usage. However, there are also concerns regarding the overreporting of data, actual usage of toilets, etc. which we will discuss in this article.
There are growing instances of deaths while cleaning septic tanks and sewage treatment plants in several states. This highlights the need for better understanding the problems being faced by manual scavengers and addressing the challenges in the implementation of the manual scavenging law.