[Premium] National Mineral Policy 2019: In-Depth Analysis

Also read: [Table] Classical Dances in India - Compared for UPSC Prelims

Recently, the Union Cabinet approved the National Mineral Policy, 2019 (NMP 2019) which replaces the National Mineral Policy 2008 (NMP 2008).

2019 Policy was based on the report submitted in the Ministry of Mines by Dr. K Rajeswara Rao committee after reviewing NMP 2008.

This policy seeks to ensure effective regulation and sustainable development of the mining sector.

This article explains the following in an analytical manner with a mindmap for quick revision:

  1. What are the objectives of the policy?
  2. What are the key provisions?
  3. What are the significances of the policy?
  4. What are the challenges and the way forward?

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[Premium] Fugitive Economic Offenders Act 2018 – Why is it Necessary?

Recently, there have been many instances of Enforcement Directorate (ED) filing charge sheet against economic offenders under the Fugitive Economic Offenders Act, 2018. In this scenario, it is essential to understand the need, features, benefits, and concerns regarding the Fugitive Economic Offenders Act, 2018.

This article explains the following in an analytical manner with a mindmap for better understanding and quick revision.

  1. What is the need for Fugitive Economic Offenders Act? (Benefits)
  2. What are the existing laws for seizing Assets?
  3. What are the salient features of Fugitive Economic Offenders Act, 2018?
  4. What are the Challenges in implementing the law?
  5. What is the way forward?

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[Premium] PepsiCo Vs Potato Farmers Case – Protecting Seed Sovereignty

PepsiCo, a multi-million dollar conglomerate, has sued Gujarati farmers asking them to pay ₹1.05 crore each for alleged violation of Intellectual Property Rights (IPR).

The company claimed that farmers violated its patent rights by cultivating the potato variety used in its chips product named Lays.

However, after facing boycott calls by potato farmers and the government’s pressure, PepsiCo has offered to withdraw the case if the farmers stop growing the registered potato variety used in its Lays chips.

This issue highlights the importance of seed sovereignty and the role played by the Protection of Plant Varieties and Farmers’ Rights (PPV&FR) Act, 2001 in protecting the rights of the farmers and prevent seed monopoly.

This article explains the following in an analytical manner with a mindmap for quick revision:

  1. What is the issue?
  2. What is PepsiCo's perspective?
  3. What is the farmers' perspective?
  4. What is contract farming?
  5. What is seed sovereignty?
  6. What are the salient features of Protection of Plant Varieties and Farmers' Rights (PPV&FR) Act, 2001?
  7. Why is the PPV&FR Act significant?
  8. What is the way forward?

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Belt & Road Initiative (BRI) of China – Will it Benefit India?

In 2013, Chinese President Xi Jinping launched China’s most ambitious project One Belt One Road (OBOR) which involves the building of two projects namely – Silk Road Economic Belt (SREB) and a 21st Century Maritime Silk Road (MSR). OBOR later came to be known as Belt and Road Initiative (BRI). BRI is arguably the most ambitious global infrastructure project ever envisaged by one country. However, is this merely an economic project? or a geopolitical one of China? Will India get any benefit by joining this project or not? Let us discuss those issues in detail.

Demonetisation – A Success or a Failure?

The government under the prime ministership of Narendra Modi on November 8, 2016, had announced that the largest denomination of Rs 500 and Rs 1000 were demonetised with immediate effect ceasing to be a legal tender. This move led to widespread impacts across all the sectors of the economy. In a recent report by Azim Premji University, around 50 lakh people lost their jobs since demonetization was launched in November 2016. This report on jobs has come at a time when employment is one of the biggest issues in the Lok Sabha elections.

Electric Vehicles – Is India Ready for it?

The government has set the target of achieving 100% Electric vehicles by 2030. Manufacturing and putting the electric cars on road is the vision to make India pollution free along with saving billions of dollars in fuel cost and creating new job opportunities. However, there are also criticisms that India is not yet ready for electric vehicles which we will discuss in this article with a suitable way forward.

[Premium] Blockchain Technology – In a Nutshell

Blockchain technology, also known as the decentralised, distributed ledger technology, has gained popularity in India in the last 2 years. According to studies, in the next 5 years, Blockchain has the potential to add value to the tune of USD 5 billion across all sectors in India.

Various banks in India have been increasingly adopting this technology. Utilising this distributed ledger technology, a group of India’s 11 largest banks including ICICI Bank, Kotak Mahindra Bank, HDFC Bank, Yes Bank, Standard Chartered Bank, RBL Bank, South Indian Bank, and Axis Bank have launched the 1st ever blockchain-linked loan system in the country. This not only guarantees transparency in loan disbursement but also eliminates any communication challenge among the different banks.


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