Libyan Crisis – Explained

Libya has been torn by violence and political instability since long-time ruler Muammar Gaddafi was toppled and killed by rebels in 2011. The crisis was triggered by the Arab Spring protests, a series of anti-government protests, uprisings and armed rebellions that spread across the Middle East in late 2010.

[Premium] Financial Action Task Force (FATF), Pakistan & Terror Financing – All You Need to Know

The Financial Action Task Force (FATF), the global watchdog that combats money laundering and terrorist financing, had grey listed Pakistan in June 2018 for not cutting down the finances of terrorist groups within its soil. Greylisting puts Pakistan under international scrutiny to prove its compliance with FATF norms. Notably, the greylisting move was initiated by the US.

Even with greylisting measures, Pulwama terror attack happened in February 2019 = FATF (with India’s lobbying) threatens Pakistan that it will be moved to the blacklist due to its failure to comply with the action plan which was due May 2019. Blacklisting could virtually cut all financial flows to Pakistan.

This big-picture article explains the following in an analytical manner with a mindmap for quick revision.

  1. What is the Financial Action Task Force (FATF)?
  2. How FATF works?
  3. What is the grey list and blacklist?
  4. What is the issue with Pakistan?
  5. Why the US initiated the move?
  6. What are the implications of placing Pakistan on FATF watchlist?
  7. Has Pakistan changed with external Pressures?
  8. Why has Pakistan failed to comply with or curtail terror funding?
  9. What is the way forward?

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The Anti-Defection Law: Explained

With the end of 16th Lok Sabha, it is time to reflect on how to make this institution more effective. A crucial step would be to review the Anti-Defection Law that made the institution less effective by affecting the independence of MPs/MLAs and removing any incentive for them to research and understand on policies which have the bearing on nation-building and development process.

[Premium] RTE (Amendment) Act, 2019: No-Detention Controversy

The Right to Education Act, 2009 prohibits the detention of children till they complete elementary education (class 8) as detention would lead them to drop out of school.

However, this provision is amended by the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (Amendment) Act, 2019 to state that a regular examination will be conducted in class 5 and class 8 at the end of every academic year.

  • If a child fails the exam, he/she will be provided with the additional opportunity to take a re-examination within two months.
  • Such children will be provided with two-month remedial teaching to perform better in the re-examinations.
  • If he/she fails in the re-examination too, then the central government or the concerned state government may decide to allow schools to detain the child.
  • This change is incorporated due to the concern that automatic promotion reduces the incentive for children to learn and for teachers to teach.

This big-picture article explains the following in an analytical manner with a mindmap for quick revision:

  1. What is the no detention policy under the RTE Act?
  2. What are the advantages of No-detention policy?
  3. What are the disadvantages of no-detention policy? / Need for its removal?
  4. What are the concerns with the amendment?
  5. What is the way forward? / How to improve learning outcomes?

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[Updated] [Premium] India-Maldives Relations: Complete Analysis

Recently, the new government in the Maldives expressed its indebtedness towards China due to the latter’s construction activities in the Maldives. However, Maldives also has fears over the unsustainable Chinese debts. Notably, the new president, Ibrahim Mohamed Solih, wants to restore ties with India. Hence the situation in Male (Maldives’ capital) provides both opportunities and risks to India.

This big-picture article explains the following in an analytical manner with a mindmap for quick revision.

  1. About the Maldives
  2. What is the political background of Maldives?
  3. What is the importance of the Maldives for India?
  4. What are the areas of cooperation?
  5. What are the areas of contention?
  6. The President of Maldives's visit to India in December 2018.

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Maternity Benefit (Amendment) Act 2017 – Pros and Cons

In order to protect the rights of women employees during pregnancy and after childbirth, Indian law makes it mandatory for most establishments to offer maternity benefits to women employees.

Maternity benefit in India is mainly governed by the Maternity Benefit Act, 1961 that applies to all shops and establishments with 10 or more employees. Maternity Benefit (Amendment) Act, 2017 further increased the maternity benefits being provided under the Act.