[Premium] Geneva Conventions on Prisoners of War – All You Need to Know

Recently, the Indian Air Force (IAF) Wing Commander Abhinandan Varthaman who was arrested by the Pakistani rangers was returned to India. Pakistan claimed that Abhinandan was set free as a peace gesture. However, India maintained that Pakistan is obliged to release the pilot under the Geneva Conventions. It is imperative in this context to understand the provisions in Geneva Conventions on the treatment of prisoners of war (PoWs).

This article explains the following in an analytical manner with a mindmap for better understanding and quick revision.

  1. What is the issue?
  2. What are the Geneva Conventions?
  3. Is the present conflict comes from the Geneva Conventions?
  4. What is prohibited under the convention?
  5. What are the rights enjoyed by a Prisoner of War under the convention?
  6. What about the release of prisoners?

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[Premium] Permanent Residence Certificate Issue – Explained

Recently, violence occurred in Arunachal Pradesh due to the issue of Permanent Residence Certificate to 6 non-Arunachal Pradesh Scheduled Tribes (APSTs) residing in the Namsai and Changlang districts and to the Gorkhas living in Vijaynagar. The violence spread despite the state government assured that it had withdrawn the plan to…...


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[Premium] Forest Rights Act 2006 – Features, Implementation, Challenges & Solutions

The Supreme Court has recently directed the state governments to evict around 10 lakh forest dwelling communities whose claims have been rejected under the Forest Rights Act. This order may affect some of the country’s most vulnerable communities and their fundamental rights, therefore it needs a relook.


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[Premium] Sedition in India – IPC Section 124 A Vs Freedom of Speech

Recently, the Delhi Police filed a charge sheet against 10 people, including student leaders in a sedition case for allegedly raising “anti-national slogans” during an event on the Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU) campus in February 2016.

In addition to this, as many as 12 Aligarh Muslim University students, including the university's students' union chief, were recently booked under sedition charges after a complaint of alleged assault was filed by an ABVP member.

In another instance where an Assamese scholar and two others were slapped with sedition charges for remarks made against the proposed citizenship law.

 These fit a disturbing trend of many incidents in recent times where “misguided” people have been termed “anti-national” and has filed charges of sedition.

Notably, the law commission is in the process of revisiting the section 124A of Indian Penal Code and calls for a thorough reconsideration and presents the different issues with respect to it before the public for a national debate.


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Triple Talaq Issue – Tradition Vs Fundamental Rights

Recently, The Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Bill, 2018 (Triple Talaq bill) was passed by the Lok Sabha. The bill is humanitarian consideration for Muslim Women suffering from triple talaq. Under the proposed law, giving instant triple talaq will be illegal and void, and will attract jail term 3 years and a fine for a man.

However, there is a standoff in the Rajya Sabha for its passage due to the contention from opposition parties and Muslim community leaders who are sticking to their stand against the bill mentioning that there is no need for the bill since the instant triple talaq has already been banned by the Supreme Court.