[Premium] Plastic Pollution – The Great Threat to Environment & Ecosystem

Plastic Pollution is the accumulation of synthetic plastic products in the environment to the point where they create problems for wildlife and their habitats as well as for human populations.

In 1907, the invention of Bakelite brought about a revolution in the materials by introducing truly synthetic plastic resins into world commerce.

However, by the end of the 20th century, plastics have become persistent polluters of different environmental niches, from Mount Everest to the bottom of the sea.

Whether being mistaken for food by animals, flooding low-lying areas by clogging drainage systems, or simply causing considerable aesthetic damage, plastics have attracted increasing global attention as a large-scale pollutant.

Millions of tonnes of plastic enter the seas each year, choking whales and other creatures, much of it in Asia. Plastic pollution has been found across the globe, from the most remote oceanic islands to high Swiss peaks. Microplastics/Microbeads have now also been found in tap water and human food around the world, with unknown implications for health.

This big-picture article explains the following in an analytical manner with a mindmap for quick revision.

  1. What is the magnitude of the plastic pollution problem?
  2. What are the major causes of plastic pollution?
  3. What are the effects of Plastic pollution?
  4. What are some of the international initiatives against plastic litter?
  5. What are India’s initiatives?
  6. What are the challenges in tackling plastic waste debris?
  7. What are the solutions?

This content is for Bronze , Silver , Gold and Platinum members only.
Log In (or) Join Now

[Premium] Solid Waste Management in India – Issues & Responses

One of the most serious issues arising out of the wave of rapid urbanization and the resultant lifestyle changes is the management of domestic and industrial solid wastes generated domestically as well as in different industries adjoining or inside the cities.

Not just the amount, but the nature of the solid waste is also changing with the growing share of plastics and packaging materials.

Municipal laws regulating the urban local bodies are unable to deal effectively with the growing problem of solid waste management.

One of the most important aspects of Solid Waste Management is dealing with the garbage dumpsites/Landfills of the cities- most of them being open and nearby to residential areas.

This article explains the following in an analytical manner with a mindmap for quick revision:

    • Some Basic Concepts
    • What is the present scenario of waste management in India?
    • What are the impacts of Waste Dumping?
    • What is Solid Waste Management?
    • How solid wastes are managed in India?
    • What are the issues/challenges with the waste management system in India?
    • What are the salient features of Solid Waste Management Rules, 2016?
    • What are the Limitations of Solid Waste Management rules?
    • What should be done?

This content is for Bronze , Silver , Gold and Platinum members only.
Log In (or) Join Now

Maternity Benefit (Amendment) Act 2017 – Pros and Cons

In order to protect the rights of women employees during pregnancy and after childbirth, Indian law makes it mandatory for most establishments to offer maternity benefits to women employees.

Maternity benefit in India is mainly governed by the Maternity Benefit Act, 1961 that applies to all shops and establishments with 10 or more employees. Maternity Benefit (Amendment) Act, 2017 further increased the maternity benefits being provided under the Act.

[Premium] National Mineral Policy 2019: In-Depth Analysis

Also read: [Table] Classical Dances in India - Compared for UPSC Prelims

Recently, the Union Cabinet approved the National Mineral Policy, 2019 (NMP 2019) which replaces the National Mineral Policy 2008 (NMP 2008).

2019 Policy was based on the report submitted in the Ministry of Mines by Dr. K Rajeswara Rao committee after reviewing NMP 2008.

This policy seeks to ensure effective regulation and sustainable development of the mining sector.

This article explains the following in an analytical manner with a mindmap for quick revision:

  1. What are the objectives of the policy?
  2. What are the key provisions?
  3. What are the significances of the policy?
  4. What are the challenges and the way forward?

  5. This content is for Bronze , Silver , Gold and Platinum members only.
    Log In (or) Join Now

[Premium] Fugitive Economic Offenders Act 2018 – Why is it Necessary?

Recently, there have been many instances of Enforcement Directorate (ED) filing charge sheet against economic offenders under the Fugitive Economic Offenders Act, 2018. In this scenario, it is essential to understand the need, features, benefits, and concerns regarding the Fugitive Economic Offenders Act, 2018.

This article explains the following in an analytical manner with a mindmap for better understanding and quick revision.

  1. What is the need for Fugitive Economic Offenders Act? (Benefits)
  2. What are the existing laws for seizing Assets?
  3. What are the salient features of Fugitive Economic Offenders Act, 2018?
  4. What are the Challenges in implementing the law?
  5. What is the way forward?

This content is for Bronze , Silver , Gold and Platinum members only.
Log In (or) Join Now

[Premium] PepsiCo Vs Potato Farmers Case – Protecting Seed Sovereignty

PepsiCo, a multi-million dollar conglomerate, has sued Gujarati farmers asking them to pay ₹1.05 crore each for alleged violation of Intellectual Property Rights (IPR).

The company claimed that farmers violated its patent rights by cultivating the potato variety used in its chips product named Lays.

However, after facing boycott calls by potato farmers and the government’s pressure, PepsiCo has offered to withdraw the case if the farmers stop growing the registered potato variety used in its Lays chips.

This issue highlights the importance of seed sovereignty and the role played by the Protection of Plant Varieties and Farmers’ Rights (PPV&FR) Act, 2001 in protecting the rights of the farmers and prevent seed monopoly.

This article explains the following in an analytical manner with a mindmap for quick revision:

  1. What is the issue?
  2. What is PepsiCo's perspective?
  3. What is the farmers' perspective?
  4. What is contract farming?
  5. What is seed sovereignty?
  6. What are the salient features of Protection of Plant Varieties and Farmers' Rights (PPV&FR) Act, 2001?
  7. Why is the PPV&FR Act significant?
  8. What is the way forward?

  9. This content is for Bronze , Silver , Gold and Platinum members only.
    Log In (or) Join Now