A debate on Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA) has been sparked off after the Congress in its manifesto announced that it would review the AFSPA Act in Jammu and Kashmir (J&K). Since independence, J&K has been the focal point of national and global political agendas and the 2019 General Elections is no different. Here’s what the act is all about:
After the terror attack in Pulwama, the government has decided to stop India’s share of waters in the Indus river system from flowing into Pakistan. This indicates a shift in the policy of the government with regards to the Indus Waters Treaty.
Recently, the Indian Air Force (IAF) Wing Commander Abhinandan Varthaman who was arrested by the Pakistani rangers was returned to India. Pakistan claimed that Abhinandan was set free as a peace gesture. However, India maintained that Pakistan is obliged to release the pilot under the Geneva Conventions. It is imperative in this context to understand the provisions in Geneva Conventions on the treatment of prisoners of war (PoWs).
This article explains the following in an analytical manner with a mindmap for better understanding and quick revision.
- What is the issue?
- What are the Geneva Conventions?
- Is the present conflict comes from the Geneva Conventions?
- What is prohibited under the convention?
- What are the rights enjoyed by a Prisoner of War under the convention?
- What about the release of prisoners?
The Supreme Court is hearing a PIL petition that challenges the constitutional validity of Article 35A. Article 35A provisions need an understanding in the context of promises made under the Indian federation.
What is the background of the issue? Ladakh was once an independent Himalayan kingdom with political history dates back to 930 A.D. Ladakh constitutes about 70% of the total J&K territory with a distinct political and cultural identity of its own. Since 1949, Ladakh people have been demanding Union Territory …