Poor sanitation is a primary cause of diseases worldwide = improving sanitation can have a beneficial impact on health both in households as well as communities. In order to meet the sanitation need, the government had launched the Swachh Bharat Mission in 2014. Since then, SBM became the world’s largest sanitation program by changing the behaviour of hundreds of millions of people with respect to toilet access and usage. However, there are also concerns regarding the overreporting of data, actual usage of toilets, etc. which we will discuss in this article.
The Right to Education Act, 2009 prohibits the detention of children till they complete elementary education (class 8) as detention would lead them to drop out of school.
However, this provision is amended by the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (Amendment) Act, 2019 to state that a regular examination will be conducted in class 5 and class 8 at the end of every academic year.
- If a child fails the exam, he/she will be provided with the additional opportunity to take a re-examination within two months.
- Such children will be provided with two-month remedial teaching to perform better in the re-examinations.
- If he/she fails in the re-examination too, then the central government or the concerned state government may decide to allow schools to detain the child.
- This change is incorporated due to the concern that automatic promotion reduces the incentive for children to learn and for teachers to teach.
This big-picture article explains the following in an analytical manner with a mindmap for quick revision:
- What is the no detention policy under the RTE Act?
- What are the advantages of No-detention policy?
- What are the disadvantages of no-detention policy? / Need for its removal?
- What are the concerns with the amendment?
- What is the way forward? / How to improve learning outcomes?
Recently, the draft of the New National Education Policy has been submitted by the Dr. Kasturirangan Committee on Education Policy. The draft has invited criticism and protests due to the provision of three language formula. The controversial provision was hence revised by Dr. Kasturirangan-led committee.
Updates * What is the National Health Protection Mission (NHPM)? NHPS is a health insurance scheme which seeks to provide insurance coverage to approximately 50 crore people (with focus on 10 crore poor and vulnerable families) of up to 5 lakh rupees per family per year against hospitalization expenses in …
The New Drugs and Clinical Trial Rules, 2019 released by the government seeks to enable faster approvals and to cut down on red tape with respect to the clinical trials in India. It seeks to promote clinical research in India by providing for a predictable, transparent and effective regulation for clinical trials and by guaranteeing faster accessibility of new drugs to the Indian population. Thus it has the potential to reinvigorate the clinical research industry, which was almost on its death bed a few years ago.
This article answers the following questions in an analytical manner.
- What are clinical trials?
- What is the need for clinical trials?
- How Clinical trials are conducted?
- Why is India a popular destination for Clinical trials?
- What is the regulatory mechanism for Clinical Trials in India?
- What are the key Issues regarding Clinical Trials in India?
- What are the measures taken by the government to solve those issues?
- What are the features and significances of the new rules of 2019?
- What are the suggestions to further improve the scenario?
The Ministry of Chemicals & Fertilizers has recently released the Drugs (Prices Control) Amendment Order, 2019 which prescribes that the drugmaker who has brought in an innovative patented drug will be exempt from the price control rules for 5 years from the date of marketing. It is meant to strike the right balance between consumer and producer interests. However, it falls short of addressing certain concerns regarding the drug pricing regulation in India.
Recently, the Lok Sabha has passed the Surrogacy (Regulation) bill, 2016 which prohibits commercial surrogacy and allows only altruistic surrogacy. The bill seeks to protect the rights of the surrogate mother and the child born from surrogacy and promotes ethical surrogacy. However, it falls short of addressing certain key concerns regarding the surrogacy in India.
The Zika virus has hit Jaipur, Rajasthan and it has the risk of spreading to other areas as well. With the number of cases rising steadily, the central government has sent an Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) Team to Rajasthan to intensify vector control measures. Notably, a broad range of initiatives are being taken by authorities to control Zika, however, they are being viewed as a delayed response to an epidemic.