[Premium] RTE (Amendment) Act, 2019: No-Detention Controversy

The Right to Education Act, 2009 prohibits the detention of children till they complete elementary education (class 8) as detention would lead them to drop out of school.

However, this provision is amended by the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (Amendment) Act, 2019 to state that a regular examination will be conducted in class 5 and class 8 at the end of every academic year.

  • If a child fails the exam, he/she will be provided with the additional opportunity to take a re-examination within two months.
  • Such children will be provided with two-month remedial teaching to perform better in the re-examinations.
  • If he/she fails in the re-examination too, then the central government or the concerned state government may decide to allow schools to detain the child.
  • This change is incorporated due to the concern that automatic promotion reduces the incentive for children to learn and for teachers to teach.

This big-picture article explains the following in an analytical manner with a mindmap for quick revision:

  1. What is the no detention policy under the RTE Act?
  2. What are the advantages of No-detention policy?
  3. What are the disadvantages of no-detention policy? / Need for its removal?
  4. What are the concerns with the amendment?
  5. What is the way forward? / How to improve learning outcomes?

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