[Premium] PepsiCo Vs Potato Farmers Case – Protecting Seed Sovereignty

PepsiCo, a multi-million dollar conglomerate, has sued Gujarati farmers asking them to pay ₹1.05 crore each for alleged violation of Intellectual Property Rights (IPR).

The company claimed that farmers violated its patent rights by cultivating the potato variety used in its chips product named Lays.

However, after facing boycott calls by potato farmers and the government’s pressure, PepsiCo has offered to withdraw the case if the farmers stop growing the registered potato variety used in its Lays chips.

This issue highlights the importance of seed sovereignty and the role played by the Protection of Plant Varieties and Farmers’ Rights (PPV&FR) Act, 2001 in protecting the rights of the farmers and prevent seed monopoly.

This article explains the following in an analytical manner with a mindmap for quick revision:

  1. What is the issue?
  2. What is PepsiCo's perspective?
  3. What is the farmers' perspective?
  4. What is contract farming?
  5. What is seed sovereignty?
  6. What are the salient features of Protection of Plant Varieties and Farmers' Rights (PPV&FR) Act, 2001?
  7. Why is the PPV&FR Act significant?
  8. What is the way forward?

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[Premium] Capital Punishment in India – Should we do away with it?

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There is growing support for abolishing capital punishment in India and it needs serious consideration since, on the other side, there has been a nationwide outrage over the series of incidents of sexual assaults of minor girls, like the one in Kathua. The Supreme Court itself admitted on many occasions that there are confusion and contradiction on the application of the death penalty.

This article explains the following in an analytical manner with a mindmap for quick revision:

  1. What is capital punishment?
  2. What is the need for capital punishment?
  3. What are the arguments in favour?
  4. What are the arguments against?
  5. What is the evolution of the death penalty in India?
  6. Why India still retains it?
  7. What are the protections against capital punishment in the constitution?

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[Premium] Honour Killing in India – Reasons & Responses

Recently, there has been a rise of honor killings in the country and this has led the government as well as the Supreme Court to step forward in stopping this heinous crime. Reportedly, more than 1,000 young people in India have been killed every year in the name of honour which is linked to forced marriages and the country needs to introduce stringent legislation to effectively deal with these heinous crimes.


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[Premium] Forest Rights Act 2006 – Features, Implementation, Challenges & Solutions

The Supreme Court has recently directed the state governments to evict around 10 lakh forest dwelling communities whose claims have been rejected under the Forest Rights Act. This order may affect some of the country’s most vulnerable communities and their fundamental rights, therefore it needs a relook.


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